Tuesday, January 19, 2016

1 Kings 15

More palace intrigue. The music is not without interest. Some of the ornaments seem to indicate astonishment at some of these actions, like the generosity of Yahweh contrasted with the bribery of Asa. Interesting also that the 'and there was war' verses are varied. But I am not pursuing this with too great alacrity.
 

1 Kings 15
וּבִשְׁנַת֙ שְׁמֹנֶ֣ה עֶשְׂרֵ֔ה לַמֶּ֖לֶךְ יָרָבְעָ֣ם בֶּן־נְבָ֑ט
מָלַ֥ךְ אֲבִיָּ֖ם עַל־יְהוּדָֽה
1 And in year eighteen of king Jeroboam child of Nebat,
Abijam reigned over Judah.
17
9
שָׁלֹ֣שׁ שָׁנִ֔ים מָלַ֖ךְ בִּירוּשָׁלִָ֑ם
וְשֵׁ֣ם אִמּ֔וֹ מַעֲכָ֖ה בַּת־אֲבִישָׁלֽוֹם
2 Three years he reigned in Jerusalem,
and the name of his mother was Makah, the daughter of Abishalom.
10
12
וַיֵּ֕לֶךְ בְּכָל־חַטֹּ֥אות אָבִ֖יו אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂ֣ה לְפָנָ֑יו
וְלֹא־הָיָ֨ה לְבָב֤וֹ שָׁלֵם֙ עִם־יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהָ֔יו כִּלְבַ֖ב דָּוִ֥ד אָבִֽיו
3 And he walked in all the sins of his father that he did in his presence.
And his heart was not at peace with Yahweh his God as was the heart of David his father.
17
21
כִּ֚י לְמַ֣עַן דָּוִ֔ד נָתַן֩ יְהוָ֨ה אֱלֹהָ֥יו ל֛וֹ נִ֖יר בִּירוּשָׁלִָ֑ם
לְהָקִ֤ים אֶת־בְּנוֹ֙ אַחֲרָ֔יו וּֽלְהַעֲמִ֖יד אֶת־יְרוּשָׁלִָֽם
4 But for the sake of David, Yahweh his God gave to him a lamp in Jerusalem,
to raise up his son after him and to give standing to Jerusalem.
19
18
אֲשֶׁ֨ר עָשָׂ֥ה דָוִ֛ד אֶת־הַיָּשָׁ֖ר בְּעֵינֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה
וְלֹֽא־סָ֞ר מִכֹּ֣ל אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּ֗הוּ כֹּ֚ל יְמֵ֣י חַיָּ֔יו רַ֕ק בִּדְבַ֖ר אוּרִיָּ֥ה הַחִתִּֽי
5 For David did what is upright in the eyes of Yahweh,
and was not stubborn about all that he commanded him all the days of his life, certainly in the matter of Uriah the Hittite.
15
24
וּמִלְחָמָ֨ה הָיְתָ֧ה בֵין־רְחַבְעָ֛ם וּבֵ֥ין יָרָבְעָ֖ם כָּל־יְמֵ֥י חַיָּֽיו 6 And there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all the days of his life. 20
וְיֶ֨תֶר דִּבְרֵ֤י אֲבִיָּם֙ וְכָל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֔ה הֲלֽוֹא־הֵ֣ם כְּתוּבִ֗ים עַל־סֵ֛פֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י הַיָּמִ֖ים לְמַלְכֵ֣י יְהוּדָ֑ה
וּמִלְחָמָ֥ה הָיְתָ֛ה בֵּ֥ין אֲבִיָּ֖ם וּבֵ֥ין יָרָבְעָֽם
7 And the remaining words of Abijam and all that he undertook, are not they written in the record of the words of the days of the kings of Judah?
And there was war between Abijam and Jeroboam.
34
15
וַיִּשְׁכַּ֤ב אֲבִיָּם֙ עִם־אֲבֹתָ֔יו וַיִּקְבְּר֥וּ אֹת֖וֹ בְּעִ֣יר דָּוִ֑ד
וַיִּמְלֹ֛ךְ אָסָ֥א בְנ֖וֹ תַּחְתָּֽיו
8 And Abijam was laid out with his ancestors and they entombed him in the city of David,
and Asa his son reigned in his stead.
20
9
וּבִשְׁנַ֣ת עֶשְׂרִ֔ים לְיָרָבְעָ֖ם מֶ֣לֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
מָלַ֥ךְ אָסָ֖א מֶ֥לֶךְ יְהוּדָֽה
9 And in the twentieth year of Jeroboam king of Israel,
Asa reigned, king of Judah.
14
9
וְאַרְבָּעִ֤ים וְאַחַת֙ שָׁנָ֔ה מָלַ֖ךְ בִּירוּשָׁלִָ֑ם
וְשֵׁ֣ם אִמּ֔וֹ מַעֲכָ֖ה בַּת־אֲבִישָׁלֽוֹם
10 And forty one years he reigned in Jerusalem,
and the name of his mother was Makah, the daughter of Abishalom.
15
12
וַיַּ֧עַשׂ אָסָ֛א הַיָּשָׁ֖ר בְּעֵינֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה
כְּדָוִ֖ד אָבִֽיו
11 And Asa did what is upright in the eyes of Yahweh,
as David his father.
13
5
וַיַּעֲבֵ֥ר הַקְּדֵשִׁ֖ים מִן־הָאָ֑רֶץ
וַיָּ֙סַר֙ אֶת־כָּל־הַגִּלֻּלִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר עָשׂ֖וּ אֲבֹתָֽיו
12 And he passed through the sanctuaries in the land,
and he put aside all the figurines that his ancestors had made.
11
16
וְגַ֣ם ׀ אֶת־מַעֲכָ֣ה אִמּ֗וֹ וַיְסִרֶ֙הָ֙ מִגְּבִירָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־עָשְׂתָ֥ה מִפְלֶ֖צֶת לָאֲשֵׁרָ֑ה
וַיִּכְרֹ֤ת אָסָא֙ אֶת־מִפְלַצְתָּ֔הּ וַיִּשְׂרֹ֖ף בְּנַ֥חַל קִדְרֽוֹן
13 And moreover Makah his mother, he chastened her as queen-mother that she made a totem for her happiness.
And Asa cut off her totem and incinerated in the wadi Kidron.
26
17
וְהַבָּמ֖וֹת לֹא־סָ֑רוּ
רַ֣ק לְבַב־אָסָ֗א הָיָ֥ה שָׁלֵ֛ם עִם־יְהוָ֖ה כָּל־יָמָֽיו
14 But the high places they not did put aside.
But the heart of Asa was at peace with Yahweh all his days.
7
15
וַיָּבֵא֙ אֶת־קָדְשֵׁ֣י אָבִ֔יו וְקָדְשֵׁ֖י בֵּ֣ית יְהוָ֑ה
כֶּ֥סֶף וְזָהָ֖ב וְכֵלִֽים
15 And he introduced the holy things of his father and the holy things of the house of Yahweh,
silver and gold and vessels.
14
8
וּמִלְחָמָ֨ה הָיְתָ֜ה בֵּ֣ין אָסָ֗א וּבֵ֛ין בַּעְשָׁ֥א מֶֽלֶךְ־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל כָּל־יְמֵיהֶֽם 16 And there war was between Asa and Basha king of Israel all their days. 22
וַיַּ֨עַל בַּעְשָׁ֤א מֶֽלֶךְ־יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ עַל־יְהוּדָ֔ה וַיִּ֖בֶן אֶת־הָרָמָ֑ה
לְבִלְתִּ֗י תֵּ֚ת יֹצֵ֣א וָבָ֔א לְאָסָ֖א מֶ֥לֶךְ יְהוּדָֽה
17 And Basha king of Israel went up to Judah and built Ramah,
so as to prevent anyone from going out or coming in to Asa king of Judah.
21
16
וַיִּקַּ֣ח אָ֠סָא אֶת־כָּל־הַכֶּ֨סֶף וְהַזָּהָ֜ב הַֽנּוֹתָרִ֣ים ׀ בְּאוֹצְר֣וֹת בֵּית־יְהוָ֗ה וְאֶת־אֽוֹצְרוֹת֙ בֵּ֣ית הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ וַֽיִּתְּנֵ֖ם בְּיַד־עֲבָדָ֑יו
וַיִּשְׁלָחֵ֞ם הַמֶּ֣לֶךְ אָסָ֗א אֶל־בֶּן־הֲ֠דַד בֶּן־טַבְרִמֹּ֤ן בֶּן־חֶזְיוֹן֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ אֲרָ֔ם הַיֹּשֵׁ֥ב בְּדַמֶּ֖שֶׂק לֵאמֹֽר
18 And Asa took all the silver and the gold that was remaining in the treasuries of the house of Yahweh and the treasuries of the house of the king and he gave them into the hand of his servants.
Then the king Asa sent them away to Benhadad child of Tabrimon child of Hezion king of Aram who sat in Damascus saying,
40
33
בְּרִית֙ בֵּינִ֣י וּבֵינֶ֔ךָ בֵּ֥ין אָבִ֖י וּבֵ֣ין אָבִ֑יךָ
הִנֵּה֩ שָׁלַ֨חְתִּֽי לְךָ֥ שֹׁ֙חַד֙ כֶּ֣סֶף וְזָהָ֔ב לֵ֣ךְ הָפֵ֗רָה אֶת־בְּרִֽיתְךָ֙ אֶת־בַּעְשָׁ֣א מֶֽלֶךְ־יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וְיַעֲלֶ֖ה מֵעָלָֽי
19 A covenant between me and you, between my father and your father:
behold I send to you bribes of silver and gold. Go annul your covenant with Basha king of Israel, and he will go up away from me.
16
37
וַיִּשְׁמַ֨ע בֶּן־הֲדַ֜ד אֶל־הַמֶּ֣לֶךְ אָסָ֗א וַ֠יִּשְׁלַח אֶת־שָׂרֵ֨י הַחֲיָלִ֤ים אֲשֶׁר־לוֹ֙ עַל־עָרֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וַיַּךְ֙ אֶת־עִיּ֣וֹן וְאֶת־דָּ֔ן וְאֵ֖ת אָבֵ֣ל בֵּֽית־מַעֲכָ֑ה
וְאֵת֙ כָּל־כִּנְר֔וֹת עַ֖ל כָּל־אֶ֥רֶץ נַפְתָּלִֽי
20 And Benhadad heeded king Asa and he sent the chiefs of the forces that were his to the cities of Israel and struck Ijon and Dan and Lament of the house of Makah
and all Kinneroth over all the land of Naphtali.
47
12
וַֽיְהִי֙ כִּשְׁמֹ֣עַ בַּעְשָׁ֔א וַיֶּחְדַּ֕ל מִבְּנ֖וֹת אֶת־הָֽרָמָ֑ה
וַיֵּ֖שֶׁב בְּתִרְצָֽה
21 And it happened as Basha heard so he gave up building Ramah,
and settled in Tirzah.
16
6
וְהַמֶּ֨לֶךְ אָסָ֜א הִשְׁמִ֤יעַ אֶת־כָּל־יְהוּדָה֙ אֵ֣ין נָקִ֔י וַיִּשְׂא֞וּ אֶת־אַבְנֵ֤י הָֽרָמָה֙ וְאֶת־עֵצֶ֔יהָ אֲשֶׁ֥ר בָּנָ֖ה בַּעְשָׁ֑א
וַיִּ֤בֶן בָּם֙ הַמֶּ֣לֶךְ אָסָ֔א אֶת־גֶּ֥בַע בִּנְיָמִ֖ן וְאֶת־הַמִּצְפָּֽה
22 Then the king Asa had broadcast throughout all Judah (none was exempted) and they lifted up the stones of Ramah and its timber that Baasha had built with,
and king Asa built with them the hillock of Benjamin and Mizpah.
37
20
וְיֶ֣תֶר כָּל־דִּבְרֵֽי־אָ֠סָא וְכָל־גְּב֨וּרָת֜וֹ וְכָל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֗ה וְהֶֽעָרִים֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר בָּנָ֔ה הֲלֹֽא־הֵ֣מָּה כְתוּבִ֗ים עַל־סֵ֛פֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י הַיָּמִ֖ים לְמַלְכֵ֣י יְהוּדָ֑ה
רַ֚ק לְעֵ֣ת זִקְנָת֔וֹ חָלָ֖ה אֶת־רַגְלָֽיו
23 And all the remaining words of Asa and all his valour and all that he undertook, the cities that he built, are not they written in the record of the words of the days of the kings of Judah?
But in the time of his old age, he was twisted in his feet.
48
11
וַיִּשְׁכַּ֤ב אָסָא֙ עִם־אֲבֹתָ֔יו וַיִּקָּבֵר֙ עִם־אֲבֹתָ֔יו בְּעִ֖יר דָּוִ֣ד אָבִ֑יו
וַיִּמְלֹ֛ךְ יְהוֹשָׁפָ֥ט בְּנ֖וֹ תַּחְתָּֽיו
24 And Asa was laid out with his ancestors and was entombed with his ancestors in the city of David his father,
and Jehosephat his son reigned in his stead.
23
11
וְנָדָ֣ב בֶּן־יָרָבְעָ֗ם מָלַךְ֙ עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל בִּשְׁנַ֣ת שְׁתַּ֔יִם לְאָסָ֖א מֶ֣לֶךְ יְהוּדָ֑ה
וַיִּמְלֹ֥ךְ עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל שְׁנָתָֽיִם
25 And Nadab child of Jeroboam began to reign over Israel in the year second of Asa king of Judah,
and reigned over Israel two years.
25
11
וַיַּ֥עַשׂ הָרַ֖ע בְּעֵינֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה
וַיֵּ֙לֶךְ֙ בְּדֶ֣רֶךְ אָבִ֔יו וּ֨בְחַטָּאת֔וֹ אֲשֶׁ֥ר הֶחֱטִ֖יא אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
26 And he did evil in the eyes of Yahweh.
And he walked in the way of his father and in his sin with which he made Israel to sin.
10
21
וַיִּקְשֹׁ֨ר עָלָ֜יו בַּעְשָׁ֤א בֶן־אֲחִיָּה֙ לְבֵ֣ית יִשָּׂשכָ֔ר וַיַּכֵּ֣הוּ בַעְשָׁ֔א בְּגִבְּת֖וֹן אֲשֶׁ֣ר לַפְּלִשְׁתִּ֑ים
וְנָדָב֙ וְכָל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל צָרִ֖ים עַֽל־גִּבְּתֽוֹן
27 And Baasha child of Achiyah of the house of Issachar colluded against him and Baasha struck Gibbethon (that was Philistine),
while Nadab and all Israel were besieging Gibbethon.
30
13
וַיְמִתֵ֣הוּ בַעְשָׁ֔א בִּשְׁנַ֣ת שָׁלֹ֔שׁ לְאָסָ֖א מֶ֣לֶךְ יְהוּדָ֑ה
וַיִּמְלֹ֖ךְ תַּחְתָּֽיו
28 And Baasha had him die in the year third of Asa king of Judah,
and he reigned in his stead.
18
5
וַיְהִ֣י כְמָלְכ֗וֹ הִכָּה֙ אֶת־כָּל־בֵּ֣ית יָרָבְעָ֔ם לֹֽא־הִשְׁאִ֧יר כָּל־נְשָׁמָ֛ה לְיָרָבְעָ֖ם עַד־הִשְׁמִד֑וֹ
כִּדְבַ֣ר יְהוָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר דִּבֶּ֔ר בְּיַד־עַבְדּ֖וֹ אֲחִיָּ֥ה הַשִּׁילֹנִֽי
29 And it happened as he reigned, he struck all the house of Jeroboam. He did not leave a residue of any breath-bearing to Jeroboam till he exterminated,
according to the word of Yahweh, who spoke by the hand of his servant Achiyah, the Shilonite,
28
19
עַל־חַטֹּ֤אות יָרָבְעָם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר חָטָ֔א וַאֲשֶׁ֥ר הֶחֱטִ֖יא אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
בְּכַעְס֕וֹ אֲשֶׁ֣ר הִכְעִ֔יס אֶת־יְהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
30 over the sins of Jeroboam who did sin and who made Israel to sin,
in his grievous behaviour with which he grieved Yahweh the God of Israel.
21
16
וְיֶ֛תֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י נָדָ֖ב וְכָל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֑ה
הֲלֹא־הֵ֣ם כְּתוּבִ֗ים עַל־סֵ֛פֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י הַיָּמִ֖ים לְמַלְכֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
31 And the remaining words of Nadab, and all that he undertook,
are not they written in the record of the words of the days of the kings of Israel?
13
20
וּמִלְחָמָ֨ה הָיְתָ֜ה בֵּ֣ין אָסָ֗א וּבֵ֛ין בַּעְשָׁ֥א מֶֽלֶךְ־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל כָּל־יְמֵיהֶֽם 32 And there was war between Asa and Baasha, king of Israel, all their days. 22
בִּשְׁנַ֣ת שָׁלֹ֔שׁ לְאָסָ֖א מֶ֣לֶךְ יְהוּדָ֑ה
מָ֠לַךְ בַּעְשָׁ֨א בֶן־אֲחִיָּ֤ה עַל־כָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ בְּתִרְצָ֔ה עֶשְׂרִ֥ים וְאַרְבַּ֖ע שָׁנָֽה
33 In the third year of Asa king of Judah,
Baasha child of Achiyah reigned over all Israel in Tirzah twenty four years.
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וַיַּ֥עַשׂ הָרַ֖ע בְּעֵינֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה
וַיֵּ֙לֶךְ֙ בְּדֶ֣רֶךְ יָרָבְעָ֔ם וּ֨בְחַטָּאת֔וֹ אֲשֶׁ֥ר הֶחֱטִ֖יא אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
34 And he did evil in the eyes of Yahweh,
and he walked in the way of Jeroboam and in his sin with which he made Israel to sin.
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