Monday, January 30, 2012

Revisiting Jonah, The Fury Part One 4:1-5

Rather than The City, which we have already met, there is a new keyword, The Fury. It seems that when The Day is announced, and The Turn accomplished, The Fury belongs to someone other than God. So much for the Dies Ira. The Gospel is in the TNK.

The Fury

וַיֵּרַע אֶל יוֹנָה
רָעָה גְדוֹלָה
וַיִּחַר לוֹ
4.1
and this was evil for Jonah
great evil
and he was furious
וַיִּתְפַּלֵּל אֶל יְהוָה וַיֹּאמַר
אָנָּה יְהוָה
הֲלוֹא זֶה דְבָרִי
עַד הֱיוֹתִי עַל אַדְמָתִי
עַל כֵּן קִדַּמְתִּי
לִבְרֹחַ תַּרְשִׁישָׁה
כִּי יָדַעְתִּי כִּי אַתָּה אֵל חַנּוּן וְרַחוּם
אֶרֶךְ אַפַּיִם וְרַב חֶסֶד
וְנִחָם עַל הָרָעָה
4.2
and he prayed to יְהוָה and said
I beseech you יְהוָה
was this not my word
even in my own humanity about what would happen?
therefore I stalled
and ran away to Tarshish
for I told you that you are a gracious and compassionate God
slow to anger and of much kindness
and who sighs over evil
וְעַתָּה יְהוָה קַח נָא אֶת נַפְשִׁי מִמֶּנִּי
כִּי טוֹב מוֹתִי מֵחַיָּי ס
4.3
and now יְהוָה take please my being from me
for death is good compared with my life ס
וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה
הַהֵיטֵב חָרָה לָךְ
4.4
and יְהוָה said
is it good for you to be furious?
וַיֵּצֵא יוֹנָה מִן הָעִיר
וַיֵּשֶׁב מִקֶּדֶם לָעִיר
וַיַּעַשׂ לוֹ שָׁם סֻכָּה
וַיֵּשֶׁב תַּחְתֶּיהָ בַּצֵּל
עַד אֲשֶׁר יִרְאֶה מַה יִּהְיֶה בָּעִיר
4.5
and Jonah went out from the city
and he sat east of the city
and he made a shelter for himself there
and he sat under it in the shade
to see what would happen in the city
I wrestle whether to allow verse 5 to stand on its own, or to include it with verses 6 to 11 or to leave it with verses 1 to 4. Compare and see, The chunk from verses 6 to 11 is too large with verse 5. Verse 5 is temporizing and has its own simple structure. [Verses 1 to 4 are Jonah's reaction to the turning of Nineveh and they could be seen as part of that chapter - suggestion from LaCocque & LaCocque (no index)]
Selected recurring words in relative order (1 to 4)

Word and gloss * first usage12345VsRoot
רעה evil
1רע
ויחר and he was furious
1חרה
יהוה יהוה
2יהוה
ויאמר and he said
2אמר
יהוה יהוה
2יהוה
כי for
2כי
כי that
2כי
הרעה evil
2רע
יהוה יהוה
3יהוה
כי for
3כי
ויאמר and said
4אמר
יהוה יהוה
4יהוה
חרה to be furious
4חרה

Selected recurring words in relative order (5 to 5)

Word and gloss * first usage12VsRoot
העיר the city
5עיר
וישׁב and he sat
5ישׁב
לעיר of the city
5עיר
וישׁב and he sat
5ישׁב
בעיר in the city
5עיר

Selected recurring words in relative order (1 to 5)

Word and gloss * first usage12345678910123VsRoot
יונה Jonah
1יונה
רעה evil
1רע
ויחר and he was furious
1חרה
לו --
1לו
יהוה יהוה
2יהוה
ויאמר and he said
2אמר
יהוה יהוה
2יהוה
עד even
2עד
היותי what would happen
2היה
קדמתי I stalled
2קדם
כי for
2כי
כי that
2כי
הרעה evil
2רע
יהוה יהוה
3יהוה
ממני from me
3מן
כי for
3כי
ויאמר and said
4אמר
יהוה יהוה
4יהוה
חרה to be furious
4חרה
יונה Jonah
5יונה
מן from
5מן
העיר the city
5עיר
וישׁב and he sat
5ישׁב
מקדם east
5קדם
לעיר of the city
5עיר
לו for himself
5לו
וישׁב and he sat
5ישׁב
עד so
5עד
יהיה would happen
5היה
בעיר in the city
5עיר