Monday, August 9, 2010

Psalm 72 - the needy, the sun, moon, and Sheba complete Book 2

Updated 2021.03.29

Psalms 72 Fn Min Max Syll
לִשְׁלֹמֹ֨ה ׀ אֱ‍ֽלֹהִ֗ים מִ֭שְׁפָּטֶיךָ לְמֶ֣לֶךְ תֵּ֑ן
וְצִדְקָתְךָ֥ לְבֶן־מֶֽלֶךְ
1 Of Solomon. O God give your judgments to the king,
and your righteousness to the king's son.
3e 4B 13
8
יָדִ֣ין עַמְּךָ֣ בְצֶ֑דֶק
וַעֲנִיֶּ֥יךָ בְמִשְׁפָּֽט
2 He will make the case for your people with righteousness,
and your poor with judgment.
3e 4B 7
8
יִשְׂא֤וּ הָרִ֓ים שָׁ֘ל֥וֹם לָעָ֑ם
וּ֝גְבָע֗וֹת בִּצְדָקָֽה
3 The mountains will lift up peace to the people,
and the hillocks in righteousness.

3e 4C 8
6
יִשְׁפֹּ֤ט ׀ עֲ‍ֽנִיֵּי־עָ֗ם י֭וֹשִׁיעַ לִבְנֵ֣י אֶבְי֑וֹן
וִֽידַכֵּ֣א עוֹשֵֽׁק
4 He will judge the poor of the people. He will save the children of the needy,
and will crush the oppressor.
3e 4C 12
5
יִֽירָא֥וּךָ עִם־שָׁ֑מֶשׁ
וְלִפְנֵ֥י יָ֝רֵ֗חַ דּ֣וֹר דּוֹרִֽים
5 They will fear you with the sun,
and in the presence of the moon in all generations.
3e 4B 7
9
יֵ֭רֵד כְּמָטָ֣ר עַל־גֵּ֑ז
כִּ֝רְבִיבִ֗ים זַרְזִ֥יף אָֽרֶץ
6 He will come down as rain on the mowing,
as earth-soaking copious showers.

g 3e 4B 7
7
יִֽפְרַח־בְּיָמָ֥יו צַדִּ֑יק
וְרֹ֥ב שָׁ֝ל֗וֹם עַד־בְּלִ֥י יָרֵֽחַ
7 One who is righteous will flourish in his days,
and abundant peace till the moon fades.
3e 4A 7
10
וְ֭יֵרְדְּ מִיָּ֣ם עַד־יָ֑ם
וּ֝מִנָּהָ֗ר עַד־אַפְסֵי־אָֽרֶץ
8 And he will rule from sea to sea,
and from the river to the ends of the earth.
g 3e 4B 7
8
לְ֭פָנָיו יִכְרְע֣וּ צִיִּ֑ים
וְ֝אֹיְבָ֗יו עָפָ֥ר יְלַחֵֽכוּ
9 In his presence wild places will bow down
and his enemies will lick the dust.

g 3e 4B 8
9
מַלְכֵ֬י תַרְשִׁ֣ישׁ וְ֭אִיִּים מִנְחָ֣ה יָשִׁ֑יבוּ
מַלְכֵ֥י שְׁבָ֥א וּ֝סְבָ֗א אֶשְׁכָּ֥ר יַקְרִֽיבוּ
10 Kings of Tarshish and the coasts will return with a gift.
Kings of Sheba and Seba with wages will come near.
3e 4B 12
11
וְיִשְׁתַּחֲווּ־ל֥וֹ כָל־מְלָכִ֑ים
כָּל־גּוֹיִ֥ם יַֽעַבְדֽוּהוּ
11 And all kings will worship him.
All nations will serve him.
3e 4A 9
7
כִּֽי־יַ֭צִּיל אֶבְי֣וֹן מְשַׁוֵּ֑עַ
וְ֝עָנִ֗י וְֽאֵין־עֹזֵ֥ר לֽוֹ
12 For he will deliver the needy when he cries,
and the poor without a helper.

3e 4B 8
8
יָ֭חֹס עַל־דַּ֣ל וְאֶבְי֑וֹן
וְנַפְשׁ֖וֹת אֶבְיוֹנִ֣ים יוֹשִֽׁיעַ
13 He will spare the weak and the needy,
and the-many needy he will save.
g 3e 4B 7
9
מִתּ֣וֹךְ וּ֭מֵחָמָס יִגְאַ֣ל נַפְשָׁ֑ם
וְיֵיקַ֖ר דָּמָ֣ם בְּעֵינָֽיו
14 From fraud and from violence he will redeem them,
and their blood will be precious in his eyes.
3e 4B 10
8
וִיחִ֗י וְיִתֶּן־לוֹ֮ מִזְּהַ֪ב שְׁ֫בָ֥א
וְיִתְפַּלֵּ֣ל בַּעֲד֣וֹ תָמִ֑יד
כָּל־הַ֝יּ֗וֹם יְבָרֲכֶֽנְהֽוּ
15 And he will live, and he will give to him the gold of Sheba,
and he will intercede concerning him continually.
All the day long he will bless him.

3d 4B 10
9
8
יְהִ֤י פִסַּת־בַּ֨ר ׀ בָּאָרֶץ֮ בְּרֹ֪אשׁ הָ֫רִ֥ים
יִרְעַ֣שׁ כַּלְּבָנ֣וֹן פִּרְי֑וֹ
וְיָצִ֥יצוּ מֵ֝עִ֗יר כְּעֵ֣שֶׂב הָאָֽרֶץ
16 A minute amount of corn in the earth will become as the top of the mountains.
Its fruit will rustle like Lebanon,
and they from the city will blossom like the herbs of the earth.
3d 4C 12
7
12
יְהִ֤י שְׁמ֨וֹ לְֽעוֹלָ֗ם לִפְנֵי־שֶׁמֶשׁ֮ יִנּ֪וֹן שְׁ֫מוֹ וְיִתְבָּ֥רְכוּ ב֑וֹ
כָּל־גּוֹיִ֥ם יְאַשְּׁרֽוּהוּ
17 His name will be forever. His name will propagate in the presence of the sun, and they will bless themselves in him.
All nations will call him happy.

3d 4C 19
7
בָּר֤וּךְ ׀ יְהוָ֣ה אֱ֭לֹהִים אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
עֹשֵׂ֖ה נִפְלָא֣וֹת לְבַדּֽוֹ
18 Bless Yahweh God, the God of Israel,
doing wonders he alone.
3e 4C 13
8
וּבָר֤וּךְ ׀ שֵׁ֥ם כְּבוֹד֗וֹ לְע֫וֹלָ֥ם
וְיִמָּלֵ֣א כְ֭בוֹדוֹ אֶת־כֹּ֥ל הָאָ֗רֶץ אָ֘מֵ֥ן ׀ וְאָמֵֽן
19 And bless the name of his glory forever,
and let all the earth be full of his glory, Amen and amen.
3e 4C 10
17
כָּלּ֥וּ תְפִלּ֑וֹת
דָּ֝וִ֗ד בֶּן־יִשָֽׁי
20 Finished are the prayers,
David, the son of Jesse.
3e 4A 5
5

Selected recurring words in relative order

Word and gloss * first usage1234567891012345678920123456789301VsRoot
לשׁלמה of Solomon
1שׁלם
משׁפטיך your judgments
1שׁפט
למלך to the king
1מלך
תן give
1נתן
וצדקתך and your righteousness
1צדק
לבן to the son
1בן
מלך king's
1מלך
עמך your people
2עם
בצדק with righteousness
2צדק
וענייך and your poor
2עני
במשׁפט with judgment
2שׁפט
הרים the mountains
3הר
שׁלום peace
3שׁלם
לעם to the people
3עם
בצדקה in righteousness
3צדק
ישׁפט he will judge
4שׁפט
עניי the poor of
4עני
עם the people
4עם
יושׁיע he will save
4ישׁע
לבני the children of
4בן
* אביון the needy
4אביון
עם with
5עם
* שׁמשׁ the sun
5שׁמשׁ
ולפני and in the presence of
5פנה
* ירח the moon
5ירח
דור --
5דור
דורים in all generations
5דור
ארץ the earth
6ארץ
בימיו in his days
7יום
שׁלום peace
7שׁלם
עד till
7עד
* ירח the moon
7ירח
מים from sea
8ים
עד to
8עד
ים sea
8ים
עד to
8עד
ארץ the earth
8ארץ
לפניו in his presence
9פנה
מלכי kings of
10מלך
מלכי kings of
10מלך
* שׁבא Sheba
10שׁבא
לו him
11לו
כל all
11כל
מלכים kings
11מלך
כל all
11כל
גוים nations
11גוי
* אביון the needy
12אביון
ועני and the poor
12עני
לו --
12לו
* ואביון and the needy
13אביון
ונפשׁות and the beings of
13נפשׁ
* אביונים the many needy
13אביון
יושׁיע he will save
13ישׁע
נפשׁם them
14נפשׁ
ויתן and he will give
15נתן
לו to him
15לו
* שׁבא Sheba
15שׁבא
ויתפלל and he will intercede
15פלל
כל every
15כל
היום day
15יום
יברכנהו he will bless him
15ברך
יהי will become
16היה
בארץ in the earth
16ארץ
הרים the mountains
16הר
הארץ the earth
16ארץ
יהי will be
17היה
שׁמו his name
17שׁם
לעולם forever
17עלם
לפני in the presence of
17פנה
* שׁמשׁ the sun
17שׁמשׁ
שׁמו his name
17שׁם
ויתברכו and they will bless themselves
17ברך
כל all
17כל
גוים nations
17גוי
ברוך bless
18ברך
וברוך and bless
19ברך
שׁם the name of
19שׁם
כבודו his glory
19כבד
לעולם forever
19עלם
כבודו of his glory
19כבד
כל all
19כל
הארץ the earth
19ארץ
אמן amen
19אמן
ואמן and amen
19אמן
תפלות the prayers of
20פלל
בן the son of
20בן

We might be a bit on the edge in Psalm 72 - I never expected sun and moon as a frame. Perhaps I am still remembering the phrasing of Genesis 1 and someone who suggested the discretion in the naming of the two great lights - a concern for idolatry. This poet was not concerned. At a subsequent time it would be good to look at the picture as well - but on this pass I am just examining the frames.

In this corner of the gallery, we have a rare piece attributed to Solomon. There is another of his in the centre of the 13 Songs of Ascent.

Here too we reach the end of the middle section of the Korah-Asaph collection that is devoted to David. There is a book to come with more portraits by Asaph and Korah - among the best. (I look forward to Psalm 84 - one I learned as a child - but scarcely appreciated.)

This prayer of Solomon is certainly a Messianic prayer, a prayer for a righteous king. He did not fit the bill. Too many horses and concubines.

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