Monday, January 21, 2019

Where did I get the translation and cantillation from for Matthew

Astonishing - I can find the provenance of my version of Matthew 5:1-12 on my own blog! What a fickle thing memory is. I really am a Turing machine and when the tape gets too long, I can't remember what I have done.

So having done that, what's next? I thought about comparing beatitudes in Tanakh with those in the New Testament. (I better look and see if I already have!)

I did a few but it was hardly comprehensive. Here are all the beatitudes I can find in my data. There are more perhaps than expected. Some of these are quoted directly in the NT, e.g. Romans 4:7-8. There are 7 new ones in Revelation. James 1:12 (perhaps citing Daniel 12:12) and James 1:25 are examples. In the gospels outside of Matthew, John 12:13. Of course there are many in Luke. And four more in Matthew. It might not be a bad place to start building a NT database. The KJV renders both μακάριος and εὐλογέω as blessed.

Deuteronomy 33FnMinMaxSyll
אַשְׁרֶ֨יךָ יִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל מִ֣י כָמ֗וֹךָ עַ֚ם נוֹשַׁ֣ע בַּֽיהוָ֔ה מָגֵ֣ן עֶזְרֶ֔ךָ וַאֲשֶׁר־חֶ֖רֶב גַּאֲוָתֶ֑ךָ
וְיִכָּֽחֲשׁ֤וּ אֹיְבֶ֙יךָ֙ לָ֔ךְ וְאַתָּ֖ה עַל־בָּמוֹתֵ֥ימוֹ תִדְרֹֽךְ
29Happy are you, Israel. Who is like you, a people victorious in Yahweh, the shield of your help, and who is the sword of your pride.
And your enemies will be disowned for you, but you on their high places will tread.

1 Kings 10FnMinMaxSyll
אַשְׁרֵ֣י אֲנָשֶׁ֔יךָ אַשְׁרֵ֖י עֲבָדֶ֣יךָ אֵ֑לֶּה
הָֽעֹמְדִ֤ים לְפָנֶ֙יךָ֙ תָּמִ֔יד הַשֹּׁמְעִ֖ים אֶת־חָכְמָתֶֽךָ
8Happy your soldiers. Happy these your servants,
those standing in your presence continually, hearing your wisdom.
Isaiah 30 Fn Min Max Syll
וְלָכֵ֞ן יְחַכֶּ֤ה יְהוָה֙ לַֽחֲנַנְכֶ֔ם וְלָכֵ֥ן יָר֖וּם לְרַֽחֶמְכֶ֑ם
כִּֽי־אֱלֹהֵ֤י מִשְׁפָּט֙ יְהוָ֔ה אַשְׁרֵ֖י כָּל־ח֥וֹכֵי לֽוֹ
18 And Yahweh therefore will tarry, to be gracious to you, and therefore he will be exalted, to be compassionate with you.
For Yahweh is the God of judgment. Happy are all who tarry for him.
3e 4C 21
Isaiah 32 Fn Min Max Syll
אַשְׁרֵיכֶ֕ם זֹרְעֵ֖י עַל־כָּל־מָ֑יִם
מְשַׁלְּחֵ֥י רֶֽגֶל־הַשּׁ֖וֹר וְהַחֲמֽוֹר
20 Happy are you who sow over all waters,
who set loose the foot of the bull and the ass.
3e 4A 9
Isaiah 56 Fn Min Max Syll
אַשְׁרֵ֤י אֱנוֹשׁ֙ יַעֲשֶׂה־זֹּ֔את וּבֶן־אָדָ֖ם יַחֲזִ֣יק בָּ֑הּ
שֹׁמֵ֤ר שַׁבָּת֙ מֵֽחַלְּל֔וֹ וְשֹׁמֵ֥ר יָד֖וֹ מֵעֲשׂ֥וֹת כָּל־רָֽע
2 Happy is the mortal who does this, and the child of humanity who is resolute about it,
keeping the Sabbath from profaning it, and keeping its hand from doing all evil.
3e 4C 16
Psalms 1FnMinMaxSyll
אַ֥שְֽׁרֵי־הָאִ֗ישׁ‬ אֲשֶׁ֤ר ׀ לֹ֥א הָלַךְ֮ בַּעֲצַ֪ת רְשָׁ֫עִ֥ים
וּבְדֶ֣רֶךְ חַ֭טָּאִים לֹ֥א עָמָ֑ד
וּבְמוֹשַׁ֥ב לֵ֝צִ֗ים לֹ֣א יָשָֽׁב
1fHappy the person who does not walk in the advice of the wicked, and in the way of sinners does not stand,
and in the seat of the scornful does not sit.
Psalms 2 Fn Min Max Syll
נַשְּׁקוּ־בַ֡ר פֶּן־יֶאֱנַ֤ף ׀ וְתֹ֬אבְדוּ דֶ֗רֶךְ כִּֽי־יִבְעַ֣ר כִּמְעַ֣ט אַפּ֑וֹ
אַ֝שְׁרֵ֗י כָּל־ח֥וֹסֵי בֽוֹ
12 Kiss, each of you - pure lest he be angry and you perish in the way,
for he kindles as a hint of his anger. Happy are all who take refuge in him.
3e 4C 19
Psalms 32 Fn Min Max Syll
לְדָוִ֗ד מַ֫שְׂכִּ֥יל
אַשְׁרֵ֥י נְֽשׂוּי־פֶּ֗שַׁע כְּס֣וּי חֲטָאָֽה
1 Of David, an insight.
Happy transgression borne away, sin covered.
3e 4B 5
אַ֥שְֽׁרֵי אָדָ֗ם לֹ֤א יַחְשֹׁ֬ב יְהוָ֣ה ל֣וֹ עָוֺ֑ן
וְאֵ֖ין בְּרוּח֣וֹ רְמִיָּה
2 f Happy the human to whom Yahweh will not reckon iniquity,
and without deceit in his spirit.

3e 4C 12
Psalms 33 Fn Min Max Syll
אַשְׁרֵ֣י הַ֭גּוֹי אֲשֶׁר־יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהָ֑יו
הָעָ֓ם ׀ בָּחַ֖ר לְנַחֲלָ֣ה לֽוֹ
12 Happy the nation whose God is Yahweh,
the people chosen as his inheritance.

3e 4B 12
Psalms 34 Fn Min Max Syll
טַעֲמ֣וּ וּ֭רְאוּ כִּי־ט֣וֹב יְהוָ֑ה
אַֽשְׁרֵ֥י הַ֝גֶּ֗בֶר יֶחֱסֶה־בּֽוֹ
9 Taste and see for Yahweh is good.
Happy the valiant that takes refuge in him.
3e 4B 9
Psalms 40 Fn Min Max Syll
אַ֥שְֽׁרֵי הַגֶּ֗בֶר אֲשֶׁר־שָׂ֣ם יְ֭הֹוָה מִבְטַח֑וֹ
וְֽלֹא־פָנָ֥ה אֶל־רְ֝הָבִ֗ים וְשָׂטֵ֥י כָזָֽב
5 f Happy the valiant who sets up Yahweh as his trust,
and does not save face with the defiant, falling away to a lie.

3e 4B 14
Psalms 41 Fn Min Max Syll
אַ֭שְׁרֵי מַשְׂכִּ֣יל אֶל־דָּ֑ל
בְּי֥וֹם רָ֝עָ֗ה יְֽמַלְּטֵ֥הוּ יְהוָֽה
2 g Happy the one giving insight to the weak.
In the day of evil Yahweh will let him escape.
3e 4B 6
יְהוָ֤ה ׀ יִשְׁמְרֵ֣הוּ וִֽ֭יחַיֵּהוּ וְאֻשַּׁ֣ר בָּאָ֑רֶץ
וְאַֽל־תִּ֝תְּנֵ֗הוּ בְּנֶ֣פֶשׁ אֹיְבָֽיו
3 Yahweh will guard him and keep him alive, and he will be considered happy in the earth.
And you will not give him into the throat of his enemies.
3e 4C 16
Psalms 65 Fn Min Max Syll
אַשְׁרֵ֤י ׀ תִּֽבְחַ֣ר וּתְקָרֵב֮ יִשְׁכֹּ֪ן חֲצֵ֫רֶ֥יךָ
נִ֭שְׂבְּעָה בְּט֣וּב בֵּיתֶ֑ךָ
קְ֝דֹ֗שׁ הֵיכָלֶֽךָ
5 Happy the one chosen and brought near, who will dwell in your courts.
We will be satisfied in the good of your house,
your holy temple.

3d 4C 13
Psalms 72 Fn Min Max Syll
יְהִ֤י שְׁמ֨וֹ לְֽעוֹלָ֗ם לִפְנֵי־שֶׁמֶשׁ֮ יִנּ֪וֹן שְׁ֫מוֹ וְיִתְבָּ֥רְכוּ ב֑וֹ
17 His name will be forever. His name will propagate in the presence of the sun, and they will bless themselves in him.
All nations will call him happy.

3d 4C 19
Psalms 84 Fn Min Max Syll
אַ֭שְׁרֵי יוֹשְׁבֵ֣י בֵיתֶ֑ךָ
ע֝֗וֹד יְֽהַלְל֥וּךָ סֶּֽלָה
5 g Happy those sitting in your house.
Ever they will praise you. Selah.

3e 4B 7
אַשְׁרֵ֣י אָ֭דָם עֽוֹז־ל֥וֹ בָ֑ךְ
מְ֝סִלּ֗וֹת בִּלְבָבָֽם
6 Happy the human whose strength is in you,
with a highway in their heart.
3e 4B 7
יְהוָ֥ה צְבָא֑וֹת
אַֽשְׁרֵ֥י אָ֝דָ֗ם בֹּטֵ֥חַ בָּֽךְ
13 Yahweh of hosts,
happy the human who trusts in you.
3e 4A 5
Psalms 89 Fn Min Max Syll
אַשְׁרֵ֣י הָ֭עָם יוֹדְעֵ֣י תְרוּעָ֑ה
יְ֝הוָ֗ה בְּֽאוֹר־פָּנֶ֥יךָ יְהַלֵּכֽוּן
16 Happy the people knowing jubilation.
Yahweh, in the light of your face they will walk.
3e 4B 9
Psalms 94 Fn Min Max Syll
אַשְׁרֵ֤י ׀ הַגֶּ֣בֶר אֲשֶׁר־תְּיַסְּרֶ֣נּוּ יָּ֑הּ
וּֽמִתּוֹרָתְךָ֥ תְלַמְּדֶֽנּוּ
12 Happy the valiant whom you chasten Yah,
and from your instruction you teach them.
3e 4C 12
Psalms 106 Fn Min Max Syll
אַ֭שְׁרֵי שֹׁמְרֵ֣י מִשְׁפָּ֑ט
עֹשֵׂ֖ה צְדָקָ֣ה בְכָל־עֵֽת
3 g Happy those keeping judgment,
doing righteousness at all times.

3e 4B 6
Psalms 112 Fn Min Max Syll
הַ֥לְלוּ יָ֨הּ ׀ אַשְׁרֵי־אִ֭ישׁ יָרֵ֣א אֶת־יְהוָ֑ה
בְּ֝מִצְוֺתָ֗יו חָפֵ֥ץ מְאֹֽד
1 f Hallelu Yah. A happy person fears Yahweh.
By his commandments he has much delight.
3e 4B 11
Psalms 127 Fn Min Max Syll
אַשְׁרֵ֤י הַגֶּ֗בֶר אֲשֶׁ֤ר מִלֵּ֥א אֶת־אַשְׁפָּת֗וֹ מֵ֫הֶ ֥ם
כִּֽי־יְדַבְּר֖וּ אֶת־אוֹיְבִ֣ים בַּשָּֽׁעַר
5 Happy the valiant who filled his quiver with them.
He will not be ashamed when he speaks with enemies at the gate.
3e 4C 16
יְגִ֣יעַ כַּ֭פֶּיךָ כִּ֣י תֹאכֵ֑ל
אַ֝שְׁרֶ֗יךָ וְט֣וֹב לָֽךְ
2 For you will eat the labour of your palms,
your happiness and good for you.
3e 4B 9
Psalms 128 Fn Min Max Syll
שִׁ֗יר הַֽמַּ֫עֲל֥וֹת
אַ֭שְׁרֵי כָּל־יְרֵ֣א יְהוָ֑ה
הַ֝הֹלֵ֗ךְ בִּדְרָכָֽיו
1 ~ A song of the ascents.
Happy all who fear Yahweh,
who walk in his ways.
3e 4B 5
Psalms 137 Fn Min Max Syll
בַּת־בָּבֶ֗ל הַשְּׁד֫וּדָ֥ה
אַשְׁרֵ֥י שֶׁיְשַׁלֶּם־לָ֑ךְ
אֶת־גְּ֝מוּלֵ֗ךְ שֶׁגָּמַ֥לְתְּ לָֽנוּ
8 Devastating daughter of Babel,
happy the one who makes peace with you,
even rewards you as you rewarded us.
3e 4A 6
אַשְׁרֵ֤י ׀ שֶׁיֹּאחֵ֓ז וְנִפֵּ֬ץ אֶֽת־עֹ֝לָלַ֗יִךְ אֶל־הַסָּֽלַע 9 Happy the one who grasps and smashes your babies on the cliff. 3e 4C 17
Psalms 144 Fn Min Max Syll
אַשְׁרֵ֣י הָ֭עָם שֶׁכָּ֣כָה לּ֑וֹ
אַֽשְׁרֵ֥י הָ֝עָ֗ם שֶׁיֲהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהָֽיו
15 Happy the people who are such to him.
Happy the people who have Yahweh as their God.
3e 4B 8
Psalms 146 Fn Min Max Syll
אַשְׁרֵ֗י שֶׁ֤אֵ֣ל יַעֲקֹ֣ב בְּעֶזְר֑וֹ
שִׂ֝בְר֗וֹ עַל־יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהָֽיו
5 Happy the one who has the God of Jacob for its help.
Its reliance is on Yahweh its God,
3e 4C 10
Proverbs 3 Fn Min Max Syll
אַשְׁרֵ֣י אָ֭דָם מָצָ֣א חָכְמָ֑ה
וְ֝אָדָ֗ם יָפִ֥יק תְּבוּנָֽה
13 Happy the human that finds wisdom,
and the human furnished with discernment.
3e 4B 8
עֵץ־חַיִּ֣ים הִ֭יא לַמַּחֲזִיקִ֣ים בָּ֑הּ
וְֽתֹמְכֶ֥יהָ מְאֻשָּֽׁר פ
18 A tree of life she is to the courageous in her,
and those retaining her are happy.
3e 4B 10
Proverbs 9FnMinMaxSyll
עִזְב֣וּ פְתָאיִ֣ם וִֽחְי֑וּ
וְ֝אִשְׁר֗וּ בְּדֶ֣רֶךְ בִּינָֽה
6Forsake simplicity and live,
and you will be happy in the way of discernment.
Proverbs 8 Fn Min Max Syll
וְעַתָּ֣ה בָ֭נִים שִׁמְעוּ־לִ֑י
וְ֝אַשְׁרֵ֗י דְּרָכַ֥י יִשְׁמֹֽרוּ
32 So now, children, hear of what is mine.
Happy are those keeping my ways.
3e 4B 8
אַ֥שְֽׁרֵי אָדָם֮ שֹׁמֵ֪עַֽ֫ לִ֥י
לִשְׁקֹ֣ד עַל־דַּ֭לְתֹתַי י֤וֹם ׀ י֑וֹם
לִ֝שְׁמֹ֗ר מְזוּזֹ֥ת פְּתָחָֽי
34 f Happy a human that has heard of what is mine,
to be alert at my gateways day by day,
to watch from the posts of my doors.
3d 4C 8
Proverbs 14 Fn Min Max Syll
בָּז־לְרֵעֵ֥הוּ חוֹטֵ֑א
וּמְחוֹנֵ֖ן עֲנָוִ֣ים אַשְׁרָֽיו
21 One who is contemptuous to its associate sins,
but one who is gracious to the afflicted is happy.
3e 4B 7
Proverbs 16 Fn Min Max Syll
מַשְׂכִּ֣יל עַל־דָּ֭בָר יִמְצָא־ט֑וֹב
וּבוֹטֵ֖חַ בַּיהוָ֣ה אַשְׁרָֽיו
20 Insight on a matter finds good,
and one trusting in Yahweh, happy it is.
3e 4B 8
Proverbs 20 Fn Min Max Syll
מִתְהַלֵּ֣ךְ בְּתֻמּ֣וֹ צַדִּ֑יק
אַשְׁרֵ֖י בָנָ֣יו אַחֲרָֽיו
7 One walking in its completeness is a righteous one.
Happy his children after him.
3e 4B 8
Proverbs 28 Fn Min Max Syll
אַשְׁרֵ֣י אָ֭דָם מְפַחֵ֣ד תָּמִ֑יד
וּמַקְשֶׁ֥ה לִ֝בּ֗וֹ יִפּ֥וֹל בְּרָעָֽה
14 Happy the human in dread continually,
but who hardens its heart will fall into evil.
3e 4B 9
Proverbs 29 Fn Min Max Syll
בְּאֵ֣ין חָ֭זוֹן יִפָּ֣רַֽע עָ֑ם
וְשֹׁמֵ֖ר תּוֹרָ֣ה אַשְׁרֵֽהוּ
18 Where there is no vision, people are neglected,
but one who keeps instruction will be happy.
3e 4B 8
Job 29FnMinMaxSyll
כִּ֤י אֹ֣זֶן שָׁ֭מְעָה וַֽתְּאַשְּׁרֵ֑נִי
וְעַ֥יִן רָ֝אֲתָ֗ה וַתְּעִידֵֽנִי
11CWhen an ear heard, it thought me happy,
and an eye seeing, it testified of me.
Job 5 Fn Min Max Syll
הִנֵּ֤ה אַשְׁרֵ֣י אֱ֭נוֹשׁ יוֹכִחֶ֣נּֽוּ אֱל֑וֹהַּ
וּמוּסַ֥ר שַׁ֝דַּ֗י אַל־תִּמְאָֽס
17 Behold happy is the mortal whom God reproves.
The mentoring of the Sufficient, do not refuse.
3e 4C 13
Qohelet 10 Fn Min Max Syll
אַשְׁרֵ֣יךְ אֶ֔רֶץ שֶׁמַּלְכֵּ֖ךְ בֶּן־חוֹרִ֑ים
וְשָׂרַ֙יִךְ֙ בָּעֵ֣ת יֹאכֵ֔לוּ בִּגְבוּרָ֖ה וְלֹ֥א בַשְּׁתִֽי
17 Happy are you, earth, that your king is the child of the freeborn,
and your nobility in time eat for valour and not for partying.
3e 4B 10
Daniel 12 Fn Min Max Syll
אַשְׁרֵ֥י הַֽמְחַכֶּ֖ה וְיַגִּ֑יעַ
לְיָמִ֕ים אֶ֕לֶף שְׁלֹ֥שׁ מֵא֖וֹת שְׁלֹשִׁ֥ים וַחֲמִשָּֽׁה
12 Happy the person who tarries and touches,
the days, a thousand three hundred and thirty five.
3e 4A 9
2 Chronicles 9 Fn Min Max Syll
אַשְׁרֵ֣י אֲנָשֶׁ֔יךָ וְאַשְׁרֵ֖י עֲבָדֶ֣יךָ אֵ֑לֶּה
הָעֹמְדִ֤ים לְפָנֶ֙יךָ֙ תָּמִ֔יד וְשֹׁמְעִ֖ים אֶת־חָכְמָתֶֽךָ
7 Happy your soldiers, and happy these your servants,
those standing in your presence continually, and those hearing your wisdom.
3e 4C 15
Matthew 5 Fn Min Max Syll
אַשְׁרֵ֖י עֲנִיֵּ֣י הָר֑וּחַ
כִּי לָהֶ֥ם מַלְכ֖וּת הַשָּׁמָֽיִם
3 Happy are the poor of spirit,
for to them is the sovereignty of the heavens.
4B 3d 8

אַשְׁרֵ֖י הַמִּ֣תְאַבְּלִ֑ים
כִּי־הֵ֥ם יְנֻחָֽמוּ
4 Happy are those who lament,
for they will be consoled.
4B 3d 6

אַשְׁרֵ֣י הָעֲנָוִ֑ים
כִּי־הֵ֥ם יִירְשׁ֖וּ־את־הָאָֽרֶץ
5 Happy the afflicted,
for they, they will possess the earth.
4B 3d 6

אַשְׁרֵ֖י הָרְעֵבִ֣ים וְהַצְּמֵאִ֙ים לִצְדָקָ֑ה
כִּי־הֵ֥ם יִשְבָּֽעוּ
6 Happy those hungering and those thirsting for righteousness,
for they, they will be satisfied.
4B 3d 12
אַשְׁרֵ֖י בַּעֲלֵ֣י־רַחֲמִ֑ים
כִּי־הֵ֥ם יְרֻחָֽמוּ
7 Happy are the compassionate,
for they, they will be shown compassion.
4B 3d 7

אַשְׁרֵ֖י בָּרֵ֣י לֵבָ֑ב
כִּי־הֵ֥ם יֶחֱז֖וּ אֶת־אֱלֹהִֽים
8 Happy are the pure of heart,
for they, they will gaze on God.
4B 3d 6

אַשְׁרֵ֖י עֹשֵׂ֣י שָׁלוֹ֑ם
כִּי־הֵ֥ם יִקָּרְא֖וּ בְּנֵ֡י־אֱלֹהִֽים
9 Happy those who make peace,
for they, they will be called the children of God.
4B 3d 6
אַשְׁרֵ֣י הַנִּרְדָּפִ֙ים עֵקֶ֔ב צִדְקָתָ֑ם
כִּי לָהֶ֥ם מַלְכ֖וּת הַשָּׁמָֽיִם
10 Happy those who are persecuted with foot planted for their righteousness,
for to them is the sovereignty of the heavens.
4B 3d 11

אַשְׁרֵי֖כֶם אִם־יְחָרְפ֣וּ אִם־יִרְדְּפ֞וּ אֶתְכֶ֑ם
וּבַשֶּׁקֶ֚ר יָבִיא֣וּ דִבַּתְכֶ֜ם רָעָ֜ה בַּעֲב֖וּר שְׁמִֽי
11 Happy are you if they reproach or persecute you,
or they bring falsehood, your defamation, evil over my name.
4B 3d 13

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