Thursday, March 31, 2016

2 Kings 15

Bones make up the body as does the more edible stuff. So we have to have these chapters that document the sequence of the dismal record whatever we think of the history from our point of view.

I haven't pent much time considering how I will translate names. Sometimes I use a transcription, sometimes the common name, and sometimes a wordplay. Isaac, Yitschak is an interesting one in that the name is spelled differently in the Hebrew, once with a sin (ש Psalm 105.9), and several times (so far) with a tsade (צ). Many of the words that my root derivation algorithm fails on are names. But I am down below 58000 total unknowns. And my to-assign list for semantic domains is below 4500 (but there's lots of moot in those assignments that have been made manually or automatically).

There's a shadow of the music of Genesis in verse 12. The spondee rhythm is evident in the English and Hebrew also. The accent is, however, also identical to the refrain of Genesis 1. It is wise to pay attention - this thesis that the accents connect the whole text is a true thesis and a thesis that I have not seen anywhere else in the literature. The classic treatment by Wickes twice expressly denies that the accents connect verses. It seems to me that most of the work I have seen on accents in the 20th century depends on Wickes. His work is very clear, so it can be seen as clearly wrong.

So are there aspects of the music that are of interest here in this rather mundane chapter? Verse 29 (bar 258 ff) has a long list mediated by some interesting ornaments but typical of such a list. You can listen to the midi file too if you want.

2 Kings 15
בִּשְׁנַ֨ת עֶשְׂרִ֤ים וָשֶׁ֙בַע֙ שָׁנָ֔ה לְיָרָבְעָ֖ם מֶ֣לֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
מָלַ֛ךְ עֲזַרְיָ֥ה בֶן־אֲמַצְיָ֖ה מֶ֥לֶךְ יְהוּדָֽה
1 In the year twenty-seventh of Jeroboam king of Israel,
Azariah child of Amaziah king of Judah began to reign.
18
14
בֶּן־שֵׁ֨שׁ עֶשְׂרֵ֤ה שָׁנָה֙ הָיָ֣ה בְמָלְכ֔וֹ וַחֲמִשִּׁ֤ים וּשְׁתַּ֙יִם֙ שָׁנָ֔ה מָלַ֖ךְ בִּירוּשָׁלִָ֑ם
וְשֵׁ֣ם אִמּ֔וֹ יְכָלְיָ֖הוּ מִירוּשָׁלִָֽם
2 A child of sixteen years he was when he began to reign and fifty-two years he reigned in Jerusalem,
and the name of his mother was Yekolyah from Jerusalem.
25
12
וַיַּ֥עַשׂ הַיָּשָׁ֖ר בְּעֵינֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה
כְּכֹ֥ל אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂ֖ה אֲמַצְיָ֥הוּ אָבִֽיו
3 And he did what is upright in the eyes of Yahweh according to everything that had undertaken Amaziah his father. 11
12
רַ֥ק הַבָּמ֖וֹת לֹא־סָ֑רוּ
ע֥וֹד הָעָ֛ם מְזַבְּחִ֥ים וּֽמְקַטְּרִ֖ים בַּבָּמֽוֹת
4 But the high places they did not put aside.
Still the people offered and burnt incense on the high places.
6
12
וַיְנַגַּ֨ע יְהוָ֜ה אֶת־הַמֶּ֗לֶךְ וַיְהִ֤י מְצֹרָע֙ עַד־י֣וֹם מֹת֔וֹ וַיֵּ֖שֶׁב בְּבֵ֣ית הַחָפְשִׁ֑ית
וְיוֹתָ֤ם בֶּן־הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ עַל־הַבַּ֔יִת שֹׁפֵ֖ט אֶת־עַ֥ם הָאָֽרֶץ
5 And Yahweh touched the king and he was a leper until the day of his death and he settled in a free house.
Jotham, child of the king, was judging over the house the people of the land.
26
18
וְיֶ֛תֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י עֲזַרְיָ֖הוּ וְכָל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֑ה
הֲלֹא־הֵ֣ם כְּתוּבִ֗ים עַל־סֵ֛פֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י הַיָּמִ֖ים לְמַלְכֵ֥י יְהוּדָֽה
6 And the remaining words of Azariah and all that he undertook,
are they not written in the record of the words of the days of the kings of Judah?
15
20
וַיִּשְׁכַּ֤ב עֲזַרְיָה֙ עִם־אֲבֹתָ֔יו וַיִּקְבְּר֥וּ אֹת֛וֹ עִם־אֲבֹתָ֖יו בְּעִ֣יר דָּוִ֑ד
וַיִּמְלֹ֛ךְ יוֹתָ֥ם בְּנ֖וֹ תַּחְתָּֽיו
7 And Azariah was laid out with his ancestors and they entombed him with his ancestors in the city of David,
and Jotham his son reigned in his stead.
24
9
בִּשְׁנַ֨ת שְׁלֹשִׁ֤ים וּשְׁמֹנֶה֙ שָׁנָ֔ה לַעֲזַרְיָ֖הוּ מֶ֣לֶךְ יְהוּדָ֑ה
מָ֠לַךְ זְכַרְיָ֨הוּ בֶן־יָרָבְעָ֧ם עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל בְּשֹׁמְר֖וֹן שִׁשָּׁ֥ה חֳדָשִֽׁים
8 In the year thirty eighth year of Azariah king of Judah,
Zachariah child of Jeroboam reigned over Israel in Samaria, six months.
20
22
וַיַּ֤עַשׂ הָרַע֙ בְּעֵינֵ֣י יְהוָ֔ה כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר עָשׂ֖וּ אֲבֹתָ֑יו
לֹ֣א סָ֗ר מֵֽחַטֹּאות֙ יָרָבְעָ֣ם בֶּן־נְבָ֔ט אֲשֶׁ֥ר הֶחֱטִ֖יא אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
9 And he did evil in the eyes of Yahweh as had done his ancestors.
He did not depart from the sins of Jeroboam child of Nabat who made Israel to sin.
18
21
וַיִּקְשֹׁ֤ר עָלָיו֙ שַׁלֻּ֣ם בֶּן־יָבֵ֔שׁ וַיַּכֵּ֥הוּ קָֽבָלְ־עָ֖ם וַיְמִיתֵ֑הוּ
וַיִּמְלֹ֖ךְ תַּחְתָּֽיו
10 And Shalum child of Jabesh colluded against him and struck him right in front of the people and rendered him lifeless,
and he reigned in his stead.
21
5
וְיֶ֖תֶר דִּבְרֵ֣י זְכַרְיָ֑ה
הִנָּ֣ם כְּתוּבִ֗ים עַל־סֵ֛פֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י הַיָּמִ֖ים לְמַלְכֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
11 And the remaining words of Zachariah,
behold, they are written in the record of the words of the days of the kings of Israel.
8
19
ה֣וּא דְבַר־יְהוָ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֨ר דִּבֶּ֤ר אֶל־יֵהוּא֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר בְּנֵ֣י רְבִיעִ֔ים יֵשְׁב֥וּ לְךָ֖ עַל־כִּסֵּ֣א יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וַֽיְהִי־כֵֽן
12 This is the word of Yahweh who spoke to Jehu saying, Your great great grandchildren will sit on the throne of Israel,
and it was so.
29
3
שַׁלּ֤וּם בֶּן־יָבֵישׁ֙ מָלַ֔ךְ בִּשְׁנַ֨ת שְׁלֹשִׁ֤ים וָתֵ֙שַׁע֙ שָׁנָ֔ה לְעֻזִיָּ֖ה מֶ֣לֶךְ יְהוּדָ֑ה
וַיִּמְלֹ֥ךְ יֶֽרַח־יָמִ֖ים בְּשֹׁמְרֽוֹן
13 Shalum child of Jabesh began to reign in the thirty ninth year of Uzziah king of Judah,
and he reigned a moon's days in Samaria.
26
10
וַיַּעַל֩ מְנַחֵ֨ם בֶּן־גָּדִ֜י מִתִּרְצָ֗ה וַיָּבֹא֙ שֹׁמְר֔וֹן וַיַּ֛ךְ אֶת־שַׁלּ֥וּם בֶּן־יָבֵ֖ישׁ בְּשֹׁמְר֑וֹן
וַיְמִיתֵ֖הוּ וַיִּמְלֹ֥ךְ תַּחְתָּֽיו
14 And Menahem child of Gadi ascended from Tirzah and entered Samaria and struck Shalum child of Jabesh in Samaria,
and rendered him lifeless and he reigned in his stead.
28
9
וְיֶ֙תֶר֙ דִּבְרֵ֣י שַׁלּ֔וּם וְקִשְׁר֖וֹ אֲשֶׁ֣ר קָשָׁ֑ר
הִנָּ֣ם כְּתֻבִ֗ים עַל־סֵ֛פֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י הַיָּמִ֖ים לְמַלְכֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
15 And the remaining words of Shalum and his collusion which he colluded,
behold they are written in the record of the words of the days of the kings of Israel.
14
19
אָ֣ז יַכֶּֽה־מְ֠נַחֵם אֶת־תִּפְסַ֨ח וְאֶת־כָּל־אֲשֶׁר־בָּ֤הּ וְאֶת־גְּבוּלֶ֙יהָ֙ מִתִּרְצָ֔ה כִּ֛י לֹ֥א פָתַ֖ח וַיַּ֑ךְ
אֵ֛ת כָּל־הֶהָ֥רוֹתֶ֖יהָ בִּקֵּֽעַ
16 Then Menahem struck Tipsah and all who were in her and her borders from Tirzah for not it did open so he struck.
All the pregnant women he split in two.
30
10
בִּשְׁנַ֨ת שְׁלֹשִׁ֤ים וָתֵ֙שַׁע֙ שָׁנָ֔ה לַעֲזַרְיָ֖ה מֶ֣לֶךְ יְהוּדָ֑ה
מָ֠לַךְ מְנַחֵ֨ם בֶּן־גָּדִ֧י עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל עֶ֥שֶׂר שָׁנִ֖ים בְּשֹׁמְרֽוֹן
17 In the thirty-ninth year of Azariah king of Judah,
Menahem child of Gadi began to reign over Israel ten years in Samaria.
19
19
וַיַּ֥עַשׂ הָרַ֖ע בְּעֵינֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה
לֹ֣א סָ֠ר מֵעַ֨ל חַטֹּ֜אות יָרָבְעָ֧ם בֶּן־נְבָ֛ט אֲשֶׁר־הֶחֱטִ֥יא אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל כָּל־יָמָֽיו
18 And he did evil in the eyes of Yahweh
He did not depart from over the sins of Jeroboam child of Nabat who made Israel to sin all his days.
10
25
בָּ֣א פ֤וּל מֶֽלֶךְ־אַשּׁוּר֙ עַל־הָאָ֔רֶץ וַיִּתֵּ֤ן מְנַחֵם֙ לְפ֔וּל אֶ֖לֶף כִּכַּר־כָּ֑סֶף
לִהְי֤וֹת יָדָיו֙ אִתּ֔וֹ לְהַחֲזִ֥יק הַמַּמְלָכָ֖ה בְּיָדֽוֹ
19 And Pul king of Ashur came over the land and Mehahem gave to Pul a thousand talents of silver
that his hands might be with him to encourage the kingdom in his hand.
24
17
וַיֹּצֵא֩ מְנַחֵ֨ם אֶת־הַכֶּ֜סֶף עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל עַ֚ל כָּל־גִּבּוֹרֵ֣י הַחַ֔יִל לָתֵת֙ לְמֶ֣לֶךְ אַשּׁ֔וּר חֲמִשִּׁ֧ים שְׁקָלִ֛ים כֶּ֖סֶף לְאִ֣ישׁ אֶחָ֑ד
וַיָּ֙שָׁב֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ אַשּׁ֔וּר וְלֹא־עָ֥מַד שָׁ֖ם בָּאָֽרֶץ
20 And Menahem brought out the silver in Israel in all the prevailing wealthy to give to the king of Ashur fifty shekels of silver for each one,
so the king of Ashur returned and did not keep a foothold there in the land.
41
14
וְיֶ֛תֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י מְנַחֵ֖ם וְכָל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֑ה
הֲלוֹא־הֵ֣ם כְּתוּבִ֗ים עַל־סֵ֛פֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י הַיָּמִ֖ים לְמַלְכֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
21 And the remaining words of Menahem and all that he undertook,
are they not written in the record of the words of the days of the kings of Israel?
14
20
וַיִּשְׁכַּ֥ב מְנַחֵ֖ם עִם־אֲבֹתָ֑יו
וַיִּמְלֹ֛ךְ פְּקַחְיָ֥ה בְנ֖וֹ תַּחְתָּֽיו
22 And Menahem was laid out with his ancestors,
and Pekahiah his son reigned in his stead.
10
10
בִּשְׁנַת֙ חֲמִשִּׁ֣ים שָׁנָ֔ה לַעֲזַרְיָ֖ה מֶ֣לֶךְ יְהוּדָ֑ה
מָ֠לַךְ פְּקַֽחְיָ֨ה בֶן־מְנַחֵ֧ם עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל בְּשֹׁמְר֖וֹן שְׁנָתָֽיִם
23 In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah,
Pekahiah child of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria two years.
16
20
וַיַּ֥עַשׂ הָרַ֖ע בְּעֵינֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה
לֹ֣א סָ֗ר מֵֽחַטֹּאות֙ יָרָבְעָ֣ם בֶּן־נְבָ֔ט אֲשֶׁ֥ר הֶחֱטִ֖יא אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
24 And he did evil in the eyes of Yahweh.
He did not depart from the sins of Jeroboam child of Nabat who made Israel to sin.
10
21
וַיִּקְשֹׁ֣ר עָלָיו֩ פֶּ֨קַח בֶּן־רְמַלְיָ֜הוּ שָׁלִישׁ֗וֹ וַיַּכֵּ֨הוּ בְשֹׁמְר֜וֹן בְּאַרְמ֤וֹן בֵּית־הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ אֶת־אַרְגֹּ֣ב וְאֶת־הָאַרְיֵ֔ה וְעִמּ֛וֹ חֲמִשִּׁ֥ים אִ֖ישׁ מִבְּנֵ֣י גִלְעָדִ֑ים
וַיְמִיתֵ֖הוּ וַיִּמְלֹ֥ךְ תַּחְתָּֽיו
25 And Peqach, third child of Remalia, colluded against him and struck him in Samaria in the citadel of the house of the king with Argob and Arieh and with him fifty men of among the children of Gilead,
and rendered him lifeless and he reigned in his stead.
49
9
וְיֶ֛תֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י פְקַחְיָ֖ה וְכָל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֑ה
הִנָּ֣ם כְּתוּבִ֗ים עַל־סֵ֛פֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י הַיָּמִ֖ים לְמַלְכֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
26 And the remaining words of Peqach and all that he undertook,
behold they are written in the record of the words of the days of the kings of Israel.
14
19
בִּשְׁנַ֨ת חֲמִשִּׁ֤ים וּשְׁתַּ֙יִם֙ שָׁנָ֔ה לַעֲזַרְיָ֖ה מֶ֣לֶךְ יְהוּדָ֑ה
מָ֠לַךְ פֶּ֣קַח בֶּן־רְמַלְיָ֧הוּ עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל בְּשֹׁמְר֖וֹן עֶשְׂרִ֥ים שָׁנָֽה
27 In the fifty-second year of Azariah king of Judah,
Peqach child of Remalia began to reign over Israel in Samaria twenty years.
18
20
וַיַּ֥עַשׂ הָרַ֖ע בְּעֵינֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה
לֹ֣א סָ֗ר מִן־חַטֹּאות֙ יָרָבְעָ֣ם בֶּן־נְבָ֔ט אֲשֶׁ֥ר הֶחֱטִ֖יא אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
28 And he did evil in the eyes of Yahweh.
He did not depart from the sins of Jeroboam child of Nabat who made Israel to sin.
10
21
בִּימֵ֞י פֶּ֣קַח מֶֽלֶךְ־יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל בָּא֮ תִּגְלַ֣ת פִּלְאֶסֶר֮ מֶ֣לֶךְ אַשּׁוּר֒ וַיִּקַּ֣ח אֶת־עִיּ֡וֹן וְאֶת־אָבֵ֣ל בֵּֽית־מַעֲכָ֡ה וְאֶת־יָ֠נוֹחַ וְאֶת־קֶ֨דֶשׁ וְאֶת־חָצ֤וֹר וְאֶת־הַגִּלְעָד֙ וְאֶת־הַגָּלִ֔ילָה כֹּ֖ל אֶ֣רֶץ נַפְתָּלִ֑י
וַיַּגְלֵ֖ם אַשּֽׁוּרָה
29 In the days of Peqach king of Israel Tiglath-Pileser the king of Ashur came and he took Ijon and Lament of the house of Makah and Janoah and Qadesh and and Hazor and the Gilead and the Galilee all the land of Naphtali,
and exiled them to Ashur.
63
6
וַיִּקְשָׁר־קֶ֜שֶׁר הוֹשֵׁ֣עַ בֶּן־אֵלָ֗ה עַל־פֶּ֙קַח֙ בֶּן־רְמַלְיָ֔הוּ וַיַּכֵּ֙הוּ֙ וַיְמִיתֵ֔הוּ וַיִּמְלֹ֖ךְ תַּחְתָּ֑יו
בִּשְׁנַ֣ת עֶשְׂרִ֔ים לְיוֹתָ֖ם בֶּן־עֻזִיָּֽה
30 And Hosea child of Eilah colluded against Peqach child of Remalia and struck him and rendered him lifeless and he reigned in his stead,
in the year twentieth of Jotham child of Uzziah.
32
11
וְיֶ֥תֶר דִּבְרֵי־פֶ֖קַח וְכָל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֑ה
הִנָּ֣ם כְּתוּבִ֗ים עַל־סֵ֛פֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י הַיָּמִ֖ים לְמַלְכֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
31 And the remaining words of Paqach and all that he undertook,
behold they are written in the record of the words of the days of the kings of Israel.
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בִּשְׁנַ֣ת שְׁתַּ֔יִם לְפֶ֥קַח בֶּן־רְמַלְיָ֖הוּ מֶ֣לֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
מָלַ֛ךְ יוֹתָ֥ם בֶּן־עֻזִיָּ֖הוּ מֶ֥לֶךְ יְהוּדָֽה
32 In the second year of Peqach child of Remalia king of Israel,
Jotham child of Uzziah king of Judah began to reign.
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בֶּן־עֶשְׂרִ֨ים וְחָמֵ֤שׁ שָׁנָה֙ הָיָ֣ה בְמָלְכ֔וֹ וְשֵׁשׁ־עֶשְׂרֵ֣ה שָׁנָ֔ה מָלַ֖ךְ בִּירוּשָׁלִָ֑ם
וְשֵׁ֣ם אִמּ֔וֹ יְרוּשָׁ֖א בַּת־צָדֽוֹק
33 A child of twenty five years he was when he began to reign and sixteen years he reigned in Jerusalem.
And the name of his mother was Jerusha the daughter of Zadok.
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וַיַּ֥עַשׂ הַיָּשָׁ֖ר בְּעֵינֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה
כְּכֹ֧ל אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂ֛ה עֻזִיָּ֥הוּ אָבִ֖יו עָשָֽׂה
34 And he did what is upright in the eyes of Yahweh.
According to everything that Uzziah his father had undertaken he did.
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רַ֤ק הַבָּמוֹת֙ לֹ֣א סָ֔רוּ ע֗וֹד הָעָ֛ם מְזַבְּחִ֥ים וּֽמְקַטְּרִ֖ים בַּבָּמ֑וֹת
ה֗וּא בָּנָ֛ה אֶת־שַׁ֥עַר בֵּית־יְהוָ֖ה הָעֶלְיֽוֹן
35 But the high places they did not put aside. Still the people offered and burnt incense on the high places.
Himself, he built up the gate of the house of Yahweh the Most High.
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וְיֶ֛תֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י יוֹתָ֖ם אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֑ה
הֲלֹא־הֵ֣ם כְּתוּבִ֗ים עַל־סֵ֛פֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י הַיָּמִ֖ים לְמַלְכֵ֥י יְהוּדָֽה
36 And the remaining matters of Jotham that he undertook,
are not they written in the record of the words of the days of the kings of Judah?
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בַּיָּמִ֣ים הָהֵ֔ם הֵחֵ֣ל יְהוָ֗ה לְהַשְׁלִ֙יחַ֙ בִּֽיהוּדָ֔ה רְצִ֖ין מֶ֣לֶךְ אֲרָ֑ם
וְאֵ֖ת פֶּ֥קַח בֶּן־רְמַלְיָֽהוּ
37 In those days Yahweh started to send against Judah Rezin king of Aram and Peqach child of Remalia. 22
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וַיִּשְׁכַּ֤ב יוֹתָם֙ עִם־אֲבֹתָ֔יו וַיִּקָּבֵר֙ עִם־אֲבֹתָ֔יו בְּעִ֖יר דָּוִ֣ד אָבִ֑יו
וַיִּמְלֹ֛ךְ אָחָ֥ז בְּנ֖וֹ תַּחְתָּֽיו
38 And Jotham was laid out with his ancestors and was entombed with his ancestors in the city of David his father.
And Ahaz his son reigned in his stead.
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