|אֶל יְהוָה בַּצָּרָתָה לִּי||120:1||To יהוה when I am trouble bound|
|אֶשָּׂא עֵינַי אֶל הֶהָרִים||121:1||I will lift up my eyes to the hills|
|שָׂמַחְתִּי בְּאֹמְרִים לִי||122:1||I was glad when they said to me|
|אֵלֶיךָ נָשָׂאתִי אֶת עֵינַי||123:1||To you I lift up my eyes|
|לוּלֵי יְהוָה שֶׁהָיָה לָנוּ יֹאמַר||124:1||Unless יהוה had been for us|
|הַבֹּטְחִים בַּיהוָה כְּהַר צִיּוֹן||125:1||Those trusting in יהוה are like mount Zion|
|בְּשׁוּב יְהוָה אֶת שִׁיבַת צִיּוֹן||126:1||When יהוה turned the captivity of Zion|
|אִם יְהוָה לֹא יִבְנֶה בַיִת||127:1||If יהוה does not build a house|
|אַשְׁרֵי כָּל יְרֵא יְהוָה||128:1||Happy all who fear יהוה|
|רַבַּת צְרָרוּנִי מִנְּעוּרַי יֹאמַר||129:1||Exceedingly they troubled me from my youth|
|מִמַּעֲמַקִּים קְרָאתִיךָ יְהוָה||130:1||From the valleys I call to you יהוה|
|יְהוָה לֹא גָבַהּ לִבִּי||131:1||Of David יהוה my heart is not haughty|
|זְכוֹר יְהוָה לְדָוִד אֵת כָּל עֻנּוֹתוֹ||132:1||יהוה Remember David and all his afflictions|
|הִנֵּה מַה טּוֹב וּמַה נָּעִים||133:1||Here! How fine and how pleasant|
|הִנֵּה בָּרְכוּ אֶת יְהוָה כָּל עַבְדֵי יְהוָה||134:1||Here! bless יהוה all servants of יהוה|
|הַלְלוּ יָהּ הַלְלוּ אֶת שֵׁם יְהוָה||135:1||Hallelu Yah Praise the name of יהוה|
|הוֹדוּ לַיהוָה כִּי טוֹב||136:1||Give thanks to יהוה because it is good|
The fifth book of the Psalter contains an additional sequence of Psalms called the Psalms of Ascent, Psalms 120-134. The last two above, 135 and 136, share a large number of words and are of nearly identical length.
- Psalm 120, the first of the 15 Songs of Ascents, begins with darkness and charade.
- Psalm 121 promises a God who does not snooze and who keeps Israel.
- Psalm 122 is the prayer for Jerusalem.
- Psalm 123 is about contempt.
- Psalm 124 is a recognition of dependence on .יהוה
- Psalm 125 is an image of security symbolized by the mountains around Jerusalem.
- Psalm 126 is a joyful hope expecting trouble and release.
- Psalm 127 is the middle song, inscribed of Solomon, a second recognition of dependence and a celebration of children.
- Psalm 128 continues the blessing of the family.
- Psalm 129 is a second request to Israel to confess the memory of exceeding trouble. It ends with a non-blessing.
- Psalm 130 includes watching for the morning and the need for ransom from iniquities.
- Psalm 131 notes the value of being mute, as the nursing child on its mother’s back.
- Psalm 132 is the bringing of the ark to the temple, with the priests clothed with righteousness.
- Psalm 133 celebrates the unity of kin, with images of the oil and the dew descending.
- With Psalm 134, the blessing in the courts, we complete the Songs of Ascent, and then we begin to close the brackets that were opened in earlier Psalms.
- Psalm 135 is the culmination of the prior 15 psalms where the worshipers now stand in the courts of the house of God.
- Psalm 136 the fourth psalm with this invitation, identifies the formative event of the Sea of Reeds and the decisive parting as the new frame. This closes the Creation-Redemption themes in the Psalter.