- of an invitation (1-2), a king-poet-musician-beloved named David (whose psalms dominate Book 1 - 3 to 32, 34 to 41 and who has at least 1 psalm in every book),
- a people who are in exile but who continue in hope (42-72),
- a people whose monarchy failed (73-89),
- a people who pray in the spirit and tradition of Moses and whose Ruler is Yhwh (90-106),
- a people who have learned mercy and can administer it under the instruction of their covenant with this God (107-150).
|בַּיהוָה חָסִיתִי||11:1||In יהוה I take refuge|
|הוֹשִׁיעָה יְהוָה כִּי גָמַר חָסִיד||12:2||Save יהוה for obliterated is the merciful one|
|עַד אָנָה יְהוָה תִּשְׁכָּחֵנִי||13:2||How long please יהוה will you forget me?|
|אָמַר נָבָל בְּלִבּוֹ||14:1||Senseless said in its heart|
|יְהוָה מִי יָגוּר בְּאָהֳלֶךָ||15:1||יהוה who will guest in your tent?|
|שָׁמְרֵנִי אֵל כִּי חָסִיתִי בָךְ||16:1||Keep me O God for I take refuge in you.|
|שִׁמְעָה יְהוָה צֶדֶק||17:1||Hear יהוה righteousness|
|אֶרְחָמְךָ יְהוָה חִזְקִי||18:2||I am passionate about you יהוה my courage|
|הַשָּׁמַיִם מְסַפְּרִים כְּבוֹד אֵל||19:2||The heavens recount the glory of God|
|יַעַנְךָ יְהוָה בְּיוֹם צָרָה||20:2||יהוה answer you in the day of trouble|
|יְהוָה בְּעָזְּךָ יִשְׂמַח מֶלֶךְ||21:2||יהוה in your strength a king is glad|
|אֵלִי אֵלִי לָמָה עֲזַבְתָּנִי||22:2||My God, My God, why have you forsaken me?|
|יְהוָה רֹעִי||23:1||יהוה is my shepherd|
|לַיהוָה הָאָרֶץ||24:1||The earth is יהוה's|
|לְדָוִד אֵלֶיךָ יְהוָה נַפְשִׁי אֶשָּׂא אֱלֹהַי||25:1||א I will lift up my self to you יהוה my God|
Which of these psalms reflect something of the first 10? See the first post. Notice how
- 11 and 16 recall the refuge of Psalm 7. Refuge, a desirable outcome (see the closing verses of Psalms 2 and 5), is a learned experience that we will see at the beginning of several Psalms.
- 12 is a plea for salvation for even the elect is obliterated. The inner frame is the children of humanity, recalling Psalm 8.
- 13 asks how long please?
- 14 describes the senseless - for whom God is of no account.
- 15 recalls Psalm 1 as if the sequence is responding to that invitation.
- 16 notes God's role in the act of refuge.
- 17 reveals much of the poet's desire, the poet defines righteousness. The central verse again concerns refuge.
- 18 has a unique passion.
- 19 is about creation (and Torah).
- 20 is a prayer for the king.
- 21 is the response.
- 22 is trouble but ends in worship.
- 23 is respite.
- 24 records who owns the land and a triumphant entry commanding the gates to lift up their heads.
- 25 is the celebratory acrostic. Notice the immediate reference to lift up in Psalm 24 and the closing reference to refuge.
A question arises - why are these poems in this order? The whole sequence is framed by refuge. In addition, Psalms 18 to 24 introduce passion, teaching, prayer, response, trouble, respite, and triumph. A central component for consideration is the section from Psalm 18, verses 20 to 25. You will find it here as part of my presentation on the structure of the Psalter.