This is a really quick summary of the basic scales and ornamentation of the te'amim as far as I understand it so far. What remains subject to non-specific textual elements are things like rhythm and mode - i.e. which notes might or might not have accidentals.
You can see at a glance that the prose ornamentation is more elaborate than the poetic, even for the same sign. This morning, after reading the lesson in English, I sang the last verse of 2 Samuel 18. David's lament over Absalom is prose. Yesterday's version used the poetic ornaments. In performance I corrected them to prose ornaments.
Prose applies to all Biblical books except Psalms, Proverbs, and the speeches of Job, all of which use the poetic markings. I think the names are troublesome for there is much more poetry in the Bible than in these three books. Perhaps the names should be the elaborate and the sparse.
update: I added the numbers above to enable typing these symbols in extended html - so e.g. the Beth with a squiggle on it is this ampersand, #, 1489, ; ampersand, #, 1454, (or 1432) and it looks like this: ב֮ or ב֘ depending where you want the squiggle.
- Vantoura, Suzanne Haik-. 1976. The Music of the Bible Revealed: The Deciphering of a Millenary Notation.
- The Music of the Bible Revealed, www.rakkav.com/biblemusic/pages/thekey.htm, interpretation of the te’amim.
- Articles ignoring or supporting Haik-Vantoura: http://scholarworks.umass.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1000&context=music_faculty_pubs (no mention) http://home.scarlet.be/~tsf07148/theo/Resinging.pdf Mitchell (brief summary)